There were approximately 415,000 police-reported crashes involving large trucks in 2015, according to Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). And 33 percent of the accidents were due to at least one driver-related factor, such as distraction or inattention, and impairment due to fatigue, alcohol, or illness.
The Electronic Logging Device Mandate
Commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers spend hours driving, and on their long hauls, the lack of sleep is no doubt exhausting. This exhaustion can be dangerous, especially considering overtired drivers are more likely to be involved in accidents. To help prevent these types of incidents, the U.S. Department of Transportation (U.S. DOT) created a mandate which requires all CMV drivers to install electronic logging devices (ELDs) in their vehicles by 2019.
When connected directly to the vehicle’s engine, ELDs can track, manage, and share driving logs to prevent drivers from taking excessively long trips that will overtire them. The U.S. DOT hopes to decrease the likelihood of driver-related accidents and create safer environments for drivers.
As the first December deadline for the Electronic Logging Device Mandate approaches, it’s important that all CMV and non-CMV drivers are prepared. In this post, we’ll discuss everything you should know about the upcoming ELD mandate, its requirements, and some exemptions to the rule.
What exactly is the ELD Mandate?
In 2015, the U.S. DOT published the Electronic Logging Devices Mandate in an effort to reduce the number of large truck accidents. And in February 2016, the U.S. DOT developed three phases to help drivers and carriers switch over from paper logs to ELDs in that four-year period.
The first phase is an awareness and transition stage where CMV drivers learn about ELDs and how they can benefit from installing them. By December 2017, all drivers will be required to have an ELD installed as part of phase two. The final phase requires complete installation of ELDs in all CMV vehicles, but that deadline is still two years out.
How will the ELD Mandate affect my CMV drivers and carriers?
You’re probably wondering how this transition will affect your drivers and your business in general. Overall the Electronic Logging Device Mandate will make it easier for drivers to keep driving logs, minimize paperwork, and reduce manual error in the data.
However, keep in mind that the rule will affect things like your drivers’ hours of service and their cross-border driving. And since the ELDs will be collecting your driving data, you probably want to know what it’s being used for. Here’s what you should know:
The ELD Rule does not change the HOS, or the number of hours CMV drivers are allowed to drive in a given time frame. In fact, it will make compliance with HOS easier for drivers by having all the driving hours readily available for tracking and viewing.
All CMV drivers that cross borders, such as Canada or Mexico based drivers, will need to comply with this ELD regulation if they are driving in the U.S. Likewise U.S. drivers must comply with the ELD rule and the HOS rules even if they are operating outside the U.S.
The data collected by the ELD is used to ensure drivers are not exceeding their HOS. The FMCSA will not keep any ELD data unless there’s a violation, and when that happens FMCSA safety officials will review the data.
Do you need to have an Electronic Logging Device before December 2017?
As a general rule, yes you will need to have an ELD installed by December 2017. However, there are exceptions to this rule. For instance, if you have Automatic On-Board Recording Device (AOBRD) installed, you will be grandfathered in for two years. But you will need to have an ELD installed by December 2019. Other FMCSA exemptions include:
- Drivers of vehicles manufactured before 2000: Any vehicle made before 2000 is exempt. This also includes vehicles manufactured after 2000 that have engines made before 2000.
- 100 Air mile exemption: CMV drivers or carriers do not need ELDs if they operate within 100-mile radius of a starting point and return within 12 hours, report back to the same location, have 10-hour rest between shifts, and do not exceed this radius more than 8 times in a 30-day period.
- 150 Air-mile exemption: Non-CMV drivers and carriers do not need ELDs if they operate within a 150-mile radius of a starting point and return within 12 hours, report back to the same location, have a 10-hour rest between shifts, and do not exceed this radius more than 8 times in a 30-day period.
StreetSmart Partners with Leading ELD Solution Provider
With the Electronic Logging Device Mandate’s December deadline fast approaching, you may be wondering where you can find ELDs for your CMVs. At StreetSmart, we believe worker safety and compliance are important to every business, which is why we partnered with J.J. Keller and Associates, a leading provider of E-logs and ELDs.
J.J. Keller has a range of simple flexible and affordable solutions to fit your needs for complete fleet management, and it’s backed by over 60 years of regulatory compliance. They are our recommended provider to help you transition to the Electronic Logging Device Mandate.
Sign up for J.J. Keller’s free 30-minute webcast ELD Mandate: Are you exempt?